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Historical Geography of Brazil
The Best Exploration Geography of Brazil – Brazilian territory, the biggest of South America, stretches over 8.514.876 Km2. It is massive in the continental dimensions, the biggest fifth country in the world respectively behind Russia, Canada, China, and the United States.
The surface area of the geography of Brazil matches nearly 16 % of the surface area of the planet, 56 % of lands jut out from the globe, 20,8 % from America, and 48 % from South America. Brazil borders all South American neighbors, with the exception of Chile and Ecuador.
Basic pieces of information about the geography of Brazil.
Geography of Brazil – Brazil is a federal republic consisting of 5 administrative regions which are as many, great morphological regions as Amazon, the Northeast, the Southeast, southern Brazil central, and western Brazil. There are 26 States and a federal district in Brazil
Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina
In southern Brazil, the plinth does not hold much space. The fields of coverage outline big snaky coasts, forerun by pilot hillocks, pierced broadly by born rivers on the back of Serra do Mar.
Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro
The Southeast or Sudeste represents a region of highlands. There, the increase of plinth was marked more and crystalline reliefs fall directly on the Atlantic.
Between Rio Sao Francisco and the coastal region stretch out plates overcome by crests of quartz which give a mountainous look to the landscape: Chapada Diamantina (1850m) and Serra do Espinhaço (between 1 800 and 1 000 m).
From these ranges, fall rivers which, reaching on the coast, wind itself behind ancient consolidated offshore bars (resting as), before coming out in the Atlantic ocean by estuaries.
Goiás, Mato Grosso, and the Federal District
Central and western Brazil is characterized by the extension of Chapada (Goiás and Mato Grosso). Paraná flows from north to south into a syncline, restricted on the west by São Paulo borders, in the East by those of southern Mato Grosso, which end up in serras do Maracaju, of Bodoquena, above the alluvial lowland of Paraguay.
They call this depression ” Pantanal ” (swamp), because of its insignificant slope. The plinth forms Appalachians’ landscape in the Serra dos Pireneus and the Chapada dos Veadeiros, as well as in the buttonhole of Urucum in Pantanal.
Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraíba, Sergipe, Pernambuco, Piauí, and Rio Grande do Norte
In the Nord-east, the sedimentary coverage forms plates limited by reliefs of coast: chapadas of Maranhão, Piau í, of Ceará, with serra of Ibiapaba and the hillock of Araripe. Altitude is less than 1 000 m. Some major rivers have reached broad valleys, leading to a submersion coast.
To the East, sediments disappear and the raised plinth forms small Appalachian reliefs drilled clauses. The coastal region has great beaches, edged with dunes in Ceará and with lagoons in Alagoas.
Behind the coasts stand low tertiary borders, tabulators, which reach locally the shore by forming cliffs there (cape São Roque, cape Branco).
Geography of Brazil – Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Para, Rondônia, Roraima e Tocantins
Amazon corresponds to a plinth gutter. It is bordered, to the north, by sandy plates that rest on the crystalline bedrock and which constitute Guyana’s bulk. The bottom of the gutter is filled by sediments in the vast funnel which opens upstream of Manaus.