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Chichen Itza Mexico History And Facts
Only around 100 miles from the gorgeous resorts and beautiful beaches of Cancun, rests Mexico’s most famous historical site. Chichen Itza, when a dominant regional capital of the Mayan civilization, can be a sprawling complex associated with pre-Columbian ruins. However the town lay abandoned until archeologists started researching and conserving the site in the 1920s, the Mayan capital is becoming one of Mexico’s most visited destinations. Chichen Itza – meaning “at the mouth of the well of Itza” – can be a World Heritage Site and a finalist for the New Seven Wonders of the World.
The most well-known structure with the Chichen Itza site is the Temple of Kukulcan, often known as El Castillo. And also one of the most well-known remains of the Mayan civilization, this splendidly preserved step pyramid once functioned as a monument to the culture’s finest mythical creature. Kukulcan, the feathered serpent deity much more often called Quetzalcoatl, is recognized in an extremely unique architectural flourish. In the spring and fall equinoxes, the structure casts elaborate shadows available as a feathered serpent over the northern staircase.
Chichen Itza Pyramid Wallpaper
Representing a common Mesoamerican architectural tradition, El Castillo was truly built atop another more compact temple. On the base of the northern staircase, guests can enter a tunnel to the inside temple. The small area at the top of the staircase however houses King Kukulcan’s Jaguar Throne, designed from stone as well as painted red with jade spots.
Most of these temples are at the heart of the debate surrounding the age of the town and the year of its decline. For many years, it was considered that this interior temple dated to a period right before 1000 AD, right after the ruler of the Toltec civilization of central Mexico – who’d later call himself Kukulcan in honor of the god – stumbled on Chichen Itza. The historical belief used that Kukulcan, working together with his Mayan allies, expanded Chichen Itza into the most powerful town within the Yucatan region.
Though many of the leftover structures at Chichen Itza stand for a mixture of Mayan and Toltec styles, advanced technologies have revealed that the town most likely rose to dominance around 600 AD. Additionally, while Mayan chronicles reference a revolt and civil conflict in 1221 – the previously held date of Chichen Itza’s fall and Mayapan’s rise – archeologists today believe Chichen Itza could have fallen by 1000 AD, making a mysterious historical gap between peaks these Mayan capitals.
Chichen Itza Pyramid
El Castillo as well as inner structure are certainly not the only temples on Chichen Itza. The High Priest’s Temple – a smaller type of El Castillo – functioned as the burial site for elite associates of society. The Temple of the Warriors is a different well-preserved step pyramid encircled by carved columns with depictions involving Mayan fighters. The Temple of the Warriors is usually near the large plaza now generally known as The great Market.
Towards the northwest of El Castillo is a huge open area that might look like another market in the beginning. Even so, this area is the biggest Mesoamerican ballcourt in most of Mexico, measuring 545 ft by 232 ft. The field is lined along with statues of athletes, that include a depiction of the losing team captain being decapitated. Around the ballcourt’s exterior wall, The Temple of the Jaguar and yet another jaguar throne – exactly like the interior of El Castillo – were constructed into the structure.
Another pair of common structures is the complex called Las Monjas (The Nunnery) as well as El Caracol (The Snail). However referred to as a nunnery by Spanish conquistadores, Las Monjas was basically the main governmental palace of Chichen Itza. El Caracol – a huge round building on a square system – functioned as the city’s observatory.
Chichen Itza Mexico Mayan City
Named “the snail” for its spiral staircase, these Mayans incorporated a lot of unique features in El Caracol. From the doorways aligned for observing the vernal equinox to the stone cups created to hold water as well as reflect the stars, Mayans primarily based their perception of the whole world on this observatory’s technology.
No matter if you visit Chichen Itza alone or with a tour group, getting to the site through Cancun is a breeze. Tours might be arranged right through your hotel and most feature experienced guides. Even so, guided day tours do not always make it possible for much free time at the site. In order to explore the site by yourself schedule or perhaps beat the early afternoon crowds, think about booking a vehicle or spending a night on the pleasant villa close to the ruins.